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Robotics Applications

History

Since ancient times the Human Being used automation; the Egyptians and Greeks used mechanical-hydraulic procedures, applied to Divine statues, to fascinate the devotees. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, efficient dolls were created that played musical pieces.
The term Robot was used for the first time by the Czech writer Karen Capek in 1921, his dramatic work “Rossum’s Universal Robots / RUR, from the Czech word Robbota which means servitude or forzozo work gave rise to this expression when translated into English. But the concept of Robotics did not appear before Isaac Asimov (Russian writer of science fiction), who defined Robotics as the science that studies Robots and also established the Three Laws of Robotics.

In the last decades of the 20th century and progressively into the 21st century, robots have been implemented in different areas.

Concept

Robotics is a branch of technology that studies the design and construction of machines capable of performing tasks that are repetitive or dangerous for humans. It combines: mechanics, electronics and computing.

Present

Nowadays Robotics is an element of the popular domain. Due to the revolution of the PC, the contact that people outside the scientific world have with computing and the agile scientific-technological market that has been evident since the last decade of the 20th century, today in the 21st century a child grows knowing the use of a computer, when you are seven or eight years old you can start with small mechanical robotics projects. Between ten and fifteen years of age, the now young, can with the assistance of a teacher of Educational Robotics or a robotics magazine create more and more complicated artifacts. And as we continue to advance in this century, the age ranges will probably be reduced even more.

In the early Robotics principles, already in the twentieth century, those who were dedicated to creating robots or robotic artifacts were few and should be scientific experts; and today any child makes contact with Robotics before the age of ten. So I dare to say that without doubt, this is a vocation of the XXI century.

Applications of Robotics

Robots are very useful in many areas:

  • In industry they are used to do hazardous work such as arc welding, knitting or implementation of harmful inhaling substances. They are also used to apply spray paint, heavy transport, material grinding or plastic molding.
  • In medical laboratories they are used to perform repetitive tasks of weight measurement, the quantity of material, pH, etc. Robots have three advantages over human work: greater productivity, greater quality control and reduction of human exposure to harmful substances.
  • The Australian Research Institute has invested a lot of money in manufacturing robots for agriculture; he produced one that shears sheep, and another that cuts pigs.
  • In the space research activity, robots have been used and used, the information that is collected from the planets with unmanned probes such as Galileo, which investigated Jupiter; they are the product of robot measurements.